Hungary recognises underground coal gasification as a mining method
Hungary has passed a modification to its Mining Law that sets out a
legal framework for the development of underground coal gasification
projects that could allow it to exploit its extensive stranded coal
UCG is now included within the existing law as a mining method, giving companies the opportunity to apply for a Mining Plot that would give exclusive long term rights to mine the targeted coal using the process.
This follows the conclusion of the exploration period following the approval of the exploration final report.
Companies can also apply for a UCG demonstration licence of up to six months following the conclusion of the exploration period but prior to the final application of a Mining Plot.
This allows companies to prove the technical and geological conditions are right for applying UCG to a targeted resource before applying for the final licence.
The royalty for UCG will be 2% on the value of the quantity of the utilised mineral resource
Hungary’s adoption of UCG regulations follows the completion of a study “Guidelines for Implementing Underground Coal Gasification in Hungary” that analysed UCG technology, its potential in the country and environmental considerations.
It also studied the geological aspects of site selection, risk assessment and legislative aspects of UCG and its application in Hungary and the rest of the world, providing a thorough assessment of the commercial and environmental desirability of UCG application.
UCG, which involves gasifying coal underground and flowing the resulting gas to surface through production wells, has been in use since the early 1900s.
It allows stranded coal resources to be developed as it eliminates the need to mine the coal.
Despite this, the process and associated technologies have not gone past the demonstration stage in Australia.
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